A Critical Study of the Concept of Bhava in Theravada Buddhism

Thanasith Chatsuwan

Abstract


This research aims to study the concept of Bhava in the Pali Tipitaka and other scriptures and the concept of Bhava in Theravada Buddhism and then to analyze the concept of Bhava in order to be applied in the individual life and the modern societies.
The research showed that the 3 states of the beings were mentioned in Tipitaka:- 1) kãma-bhava; the sense-Sphere, 2) rûpa-bhava; the form-sphere and 3) arûpa-bhava; the formless-sphere. These states of beings are also divided into 2 states mentioned in the commentaries :- 1) kamma-bhava; the action process of becoming, 2) uppatti-bhava; the place process of becoming which all are thoroughly divided into 31 states. From analysis of these states of beings, it was found that the concept of bhava in Buddhism is based on the teaching of Anattā and Paticcasamuppāda, the understanding of the concept of bhava focused on the importance of the present life can be applied in the quality of the individual life and the present societies.


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