Smile of Peace: Jayavarman Vii’s Conflict Resolution toward Peace and Development in Angkor Era

Ven. Horn Ken

Abstract


This academic paper is conducted to explore how Khmer great kings in the past used Buddhism as a way to conflict resolution. The paper suggests that Buddhism became the dominance religion in Cambodian after the King Jayavarman VII got the crown. Before that Khmer Empire was dominated by Hinduism and one can see the explanation through the ruined temples such as Angkor Wat temple. Throughout the discussion, the paper found that King Jayavarman VII was inspired by his second queen to support and promote Buddhism across the Kingdom. A clearevidence was the establishment of many rest houses, hospitals, schools and public workplace across the country, from North to South and from East to West direction. Another piece of proof to show that King Jayavrman VII was the pioneer of peace and unity after devastative war caused by old-arch enemy, Champa, and religious violent conflict was the construction of Angkor Thom. The four smile faces on the top of Bayon temple represents a united conflict resolution between two dominant religions, Hindu and Buddhism.

Keywords


Jayavarman VII, Smile of Peace, Angkor Era, Conflict, Peace

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