Vajrayāna Buddhism in Mediaeval Sri Lanka: A Survey of Historical Accounts

Ven. Rangama Thero Chandawimala

Abstract


As a result of the liberal attitude of the Abhayagiri fraternity towards heterodox Buddhism, not only Mahāyāna but also Vajrayāna Buddhism came to Sri Lanka around the 9th century C.E. It could be that new developments of Buddhist doctrinal interpretations which arose in India would have come to Sri Lanka first before they spread to other countries, because of Sri Lanka’s close proximity to the mainland.  There are, in fact, local and foreign historical records and a greater collection of historical and liturgical monuments and artefacts in the island related to Vajrayāna Buddhism.

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