Transmigration and Ethical Value in Theravada Buddhist Philosophy

Penphan Fuangfooloy, Phramaha Pornchai Sirivaro


This article is a part of a dissertation entitled "An Analytical Study of the Concept of Transmigration in the Buddhadãsa Bhikkhu’s View" It was to confirm that the concept of karma and its result which determines its goal and moral duty. The methodology used in the research is the study of books and Tipitaka. The research was found that there is ample claim of self in Hindu’s circle of life because of the necessity of reality of Kamma and its result. In Theravãda Buddhist philosophy, the self is obviously claimed as the necessary condition in proving of Kamma and its result as well; such as one who has the right view does good action will be born in heaven etc. But the rebirth in the circle of life has been further explained by the theory of dependent origination; mental formation arises because of ignorance, for instance, this is because Theravãda Buddhist philosophy wants to hold the non-self as the goal of moral duty. As far as the explanation of self in claiming of Kamma and its result is concerned, the dissimilar explanation had been given by Buddhadãsabhikkhu. Meanwhile, the non-self was being taught, He based such a concept upon the theory of dependent origination. The example in this case is: one who performs his duty rightly will meet happiness in the present. Such a method of explanation lays great emphasis on the present moment without hinging on the long-term circle of life because of stressing more processes of rebirth than endless self.

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