The Qualifications and the Roles of Buddhist Abbots in the Buddhist Texts

Phramaha Somchai Dhammavaro


     This article is aimed at analyzing the qualifications and roles of Buddhist abbots in the Buddhist texts.  
     The results of the study are as follows :- the Buddhist abbots means the Buddhist monks that are authorized to take good care of other Buddhist monks’well-being and the temples.  Temples in the Buddha’s lifetime were majorly built in the forest. The Buddhist abbots are the scholars who have completely appropriate manner and monastic, speaking cleverly to the Buddhist monks and householders.  They also have certain knowledge about temple construction and renovation (residence) and perform their duties without any prejudice. The Buddhist abbots have 5 major roles including. 1) Realizes the importance of the self-development according to the three studies. 2) Takes good care of the temple construction and make them ready for the residence 3) Takes good care of the Buddhist monks in the temple in order to perform according to the Dharma doctrines. 4) Helps the visiting Buddhist monks to get the best convenience during their stay. 5) Assists people who live near the temple with compassion, informs them about the religious rites and visits them when they are sick.
     The roles of the Buddhist abbots as appeared in the Buddhist texts have different details from the roles of Buddhist abbots in the Thai society. The Buddhist abbots are appointed by the administrator monks. They have the qualifications, authority and roles according to the Buddhist monk’s laws, local laws and the Dharma disciplines.  They are responsible for administering and managing everything in the temple with the support from the assistant Buddhist abbots, temple committee and temple affairs managers. 

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