Vihāras in Ganga Valley: A Saga of Struggle, Decline, and Fall in Medieval Age

Anand Singh


The dawn of the medieval age (12-17 Century CE) was considered as a period of disdain, doom, and oblivion for Buddhism around the Indian sub-Continent. It was hypothesized that the revival of Hinduism as ‘Puranic Brahamanism’ and the advent of Islam simultaneously assaulted Buddhism which led to its extinction in India. What was once considered the period of demise, Buddhism did survive in some pockets of India either independently or in subdued co-existence with Hinduism. The literary and
archaeological sources indicate that some of the major sacred complexes in the Ganga valley like S􀆘rn􀆘th, Vikrama􀄟il􀆘, Odantapur􀆰 etcḍ, were destroyed or tottering to its downfall owing to a lack of patronage and frequent Turuṣka invasions but some places like Bodhgay􀆘 struggled to maintain its identity and continuityḍ

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