Kammatฺtฺhāna in Buddhism Lessons from Mahā- satipatฺtฺhāna Sutta and Popularity in Thai Society

Phra Rajapariyatkavi Wanjan

Abstract


Kammaṭṭhāna in Buddhism is mental practice methods to concentrate our
mind and a concentrated mind consisted of quality, health and capacity making
a person perform highly, successfully and effectively. There are two kinds of
Kammaṭṭhāna in Buddhism, namely, Vipassanā and Samatha Karmmasthana.
Its goal is to concentrate mind in order to attain enlightenment and Nirvana.
Sati-paṭṭhāna is mindfulness of the body, mindfulness of feelings or sensations,
mindfulness of mind or consciousness and mindfulness of Dhammās which is
highly popular practice in the past and the present. Trisikkha is the main practice
of Kammaṭṭhāna. These are important principles which the Lord Buddha clearly
suggested us to adapt these toward the practical part in Mahā-satipaṭṭhāna Sutta
and other subordinate Sutta such as Anapanasati Sutta. These practices have been
propagating in Buddhist countries like Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Thailand from
Buddha era to now.
Each institute has different ways of Satipatthana practice. The methods to
practice Satipatthana are as follows; Kāyānupassanā determines trainee walking,
standing and sitting as main practice, also always be conscious one mind calm and
still. While walking, standing and sitting, trainee clearly aware when they have pains
and aches as be called Vedanānupassanā. As to the motion “sleeping”, trainee should
practice before going to bed. Clearly awareness of mind when it is distracted which
this practice leads to Cittānupassanā. Meanwhile concentrated mind happens then
trainee investigate defilements that are hindrances (Nīvaraṇāni) and investigate
Āyatana (Sense base), Bojjhaṅgā (Seven Factors of Enlightenment), Ariyasaccāni
(Four noble truths) as be called Dhammānupassanā.
The purpose of these various practice is to determine the nature of life,
Khandhas (five aggregates [Nāmarūpa]), that “All things are subjected to the
rule of arising, existing and falling. All things spring from a cause.” After have
enlightened of the nature of life, a one mind will be able to loosen the attachments.
Kammaṭṭhāna is obviously high benefit and results of merit. All experts accepted
that a concentrated mind is quality, healthy and capacity. Therefore, these have
become popular practice in the world.


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